Insects have been inhabiting the earth for about 480 million years, with more than a million species. Their ancestors came from the lake and have become by land the most successful group of animals: More than 60 percent of all animal species in the world are insects.
10Most Rich Species
Among the most common insect orders include the Hymenoptera for bees and wasps. However, there are also hundreds of species of two-winged animals such as flies and mosquitoes, beetles and butterflies, bedbugs, cicadas, and animal life. Some of them have not met people yet – and probably will not be important. Because more and more of them are dying out before we even get their face closed.
This is of course immeasurably tragic because insects play a central role in the history of human evolution: as pollinators, they are always of immense environmental and economic importance.
The “Black Death” swept whole tracts of glass in Europe in the 14th century. One-third of the European population died of this plague, which is transmitted from rats to fleas. However, people did not understand this until 1894. Until then, they made higher powers, but also Jews, responsible for the epidemic. Jews were accused of poisoning source – the wave of expulsion, game, and murder was the result. Many cities – including Cologne – burned down Jewish neighborhoods and killed countless people.
The plague fleas now seem harmless compared to mosquitoes. No other animal species kill people as often as the buzzing plague ghosts: Every day alone, 1,200 people die of malaria. Even tropical diseases such as dengue and chikungunya fever, which are transmitted by mosquitoes, often remain deadly and, thanks to climate change, continue to spread more and more in Europe due to the increasing distance traveled. This poses a great challenge to health, which at the moment is often helpless to this day.
It does not always have to be exceptional, which threatens our health. Even our well-known flies pose a growing danger to this health: they transmit antibiotic-resistant germs that they pick up on cow dung, pig manure, and slaughterhouse waste. You can warm little for that, the suffering is clearly man-made: farm animals receive too many antibiotics that they abdicate accordingly – a good study for flies. Alone from the Munsterland researchers found that even 20% of flies are populated with resistant coli bacteria, which can cause serious infections in humans and are very difficult to get over via antibiotics under control.
Would you have thought it possible that ants have developed an effective principle of order to save and rehabilitate the wounded in combat? The combative ant Megaponera analyst malnourished exclusively on termites. Furthermore, these ants in their ranks have “paramedics” holding injured colleagues tactlessly to the combat zone, bringing those back into the scheme where they are being provided medical care. So healthy ants inspect the wounded and lick their wounds for several minutes, probably to prevent infection.
Especially exciting: injured ants rely on their paramedics. If no one is around, they torture themselves towards home. But as soon as more ants are in sight, they stumble and fall more dramatically than their injury gives it, so as to be sure that they will come to light and be given advice, Erik reports. T. Frank of the National Geographic.
Carefully mindful, bees care for each other. They glue the babies in jelly with royal jelly, so they will not fall out. This effort to swallow the precious jelly as an adhesive, bees, however, run solely for the royal scion.
It is already scary for many of them massively, even if only the two-inch-long creepy-crawling across the wall. It goes to all that much better: in tiny-annoying – like the one to two millimeters “big” lice – or in huge to monstrous, like the giant staff horrors. The phobelia Chan’s megastick is, of course, the longest insect in the world: with a body that may be more than 35 inches long and measures together with which legs over 56 inches. She lives with the primeval forests of Borneo and, thanks to her slim physique, is the longest but not the heaviest insect. This record holds the Goliath beetle, the fully grown weighs a little more than a bar of chocolate and spread these 110 grams on a knobbly ten inches.
But would you have known, even if there are insects far away from exotic rainforests that at first glance call bats rather than mayflies? However, these are exactly the ones who fly the Tisza mayvases, which in addition “hum” with impressive 12 cm long bodies via rivers and lakes.
Many insects are impressive hunters. Would you have thought that the elegant mantis would not just catch and eat other insects – down to the males of the beloved kind, as you might imagine, before or after that mating – instead even watching birds nibble on them? These feathered victims include hummingbirds for their example.
Incredible achievements are also found for dragonflies. Even as larvae, they are effective hunters under liquid and effortlessly chew tadpoles, crayfish, insect larvae, and anything else that floats them in front of the catches. Overwater, they are among the most skilled interceptors. They calculate the flight routes of their prey, ship the perfect point where they can strike and bite. This requires neuronal control that goes far beyond the simple reactive behaviors that scientists have so far exploited.
5Hunter To Hunted
Admittedly, it’s been a few years, but it’s amazing that it’s completely erased from our cultural memory. Until the 20th century, our great-grandparents – and probably some of our grandmas and grandfathers – ate beetles in the world! Mayan soup was also considered “poor people’s food”, but there were many too many. Among such women also students whose shortage of money was generally manageable in time. Today, we cannot imagine that, furthermore, insects would only be eaten in the near distance.
This attitude of mental amnesia will likely change each other in the near future. After all, the shopping city two billion people, the third of the world’s population, daily insects. And in order to be able to transport earthlings permanently and deeply with healthy food, insects on all plates would be practically peak performance around the globe. Entomophagy is dedicated to this topic and praises the advantages of six-legged foods – not just the form of lobster, cancer, shrimp, etc.
An execution on the edge: Unintentionally, we eat everyday insects. With every sip of coffee or tea, by eating chocolate, vegetables, salad, and berries, we pick up whole insects or small particles of them, without making us aware. Nobody harmed it yet.
Can you introduce each other how your Earth would look like 30,000 eyes? Flies, bees and dragonflies could name it – their compound eyes are made up of several single eyes. Dragonflies are always even 30,000!
Facet eyes allow insects 360-degree overview of their environment, but above all, the eyes provide many pictures in a short time. Thus, the human eye perceives 60 to 65 pictures for the benefit of the second. If only one of our compound eyes would have been more than 300 per second. But that would be of little use to us – as we all know; we are not moving as fast as dragonflies on this hunt. They can use the high temporal resolution of the contrast to us very well to keep an eye on the prey. Particularly helpful here: the eyes not only take the pictures but also reduce their data volume in such a way that the brain can use them more easily. They only pass on the changes in the signal, not the overall picture.
3Divine Sides Of Insects
Divine six-legged are rare. The most famous representative is probably the scarab, who was revered in Egypt as the embodiment of the creator god Chepre. From New Zealand, only a few know the divine grasshopper Weta, whose name translates to the unflattering meaning “god of ugly things”.
The Aztecs still knew a six-legged deity – the “claw butterfly” with the name that can hardly be pronounced “Itzapapalotl”. There are only a few researchers who deal with these little gods and thus little information that we can provide you here.
In Asia, there are monks and nuns who direct their lives not to hurt anyone – not even the smallest mind on earth – neither in thoughts, words or deeds. There are followers of Jainism. They always wear a mask to prevent them from accidentally wiping insects, and wag their dusters over anything they enter or occupy with the intention of not crushing living things. Of course, they live completely vegan – but in a very manageable number. Jainism is claimed by around four million people throughout the world, most of them in India.
1Objects Of Art
Insects exert on people this one, great fascination – and are fittingly found in the literature of distant art again. While butterflies usually serve as a symbol of this fleeting soul, alternatively as a symbol of the obvious and their fragility, beetles and aviation pick up more in novels, with which they embody destruction of further ruin. Like Franz Kafka’s “The Metamorphosis,” a man undergoes a deadly metamorphosis. In addition, insects are often found again – especially in historical still life, in which they often symbolize the transience.
In the new art insects – as in real sex life – slowly die out. Desertedness in children’s books is a good way to get rid of insects, for example as “Little Caterpillar insatiable ” or “Bee Maja”. And who has not heard of the hard-working and that provides for the winter – in contrast to the funny cricket … insects are among us. All over!