To paraphrase the well-known expression, old age, alas, all organs are obedient – this is true, and the eyes are no exception. Over the years, the eyes may be affected by age-related cataracts or retinal dystrophy… To avoid loss of sight or other possible threats, it is necessary to be examined regularly by an ophthalmologist – this is the only way to protect your eyes.
Sometimes there are visual diseases, such as an acute attack of glaucoma, when the count goes on for hours: the sooner you go to a doctor, the more chances you have to keep your eyesight. So, what are the signs of visual impairment that can cause the greatest danger?
10 Sharp Visual Impairment In One Eye
If you have already stepped over the 60th anniversary and if you have any of these diseases: myopia, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, – there is a great risk that loss of vision is caused by vascular disorders. In this case, you need emergency medical care – contact your doctor as soon as possible!
09 The Sensation Of A Black Curtain That Covers Some Part Of The Field Of Vision
It’s a formidable symptom that’s often seen in retinal detachment. Here, as in the previous case, the sooner you start treatment, the better your chances of keeping your eyes healthy.
08 Sharp Eye Pain, Redness, Blurred Vision, Nausea, Vomiting, Etc
It could be a closed-coal glaucoma attack. The intraocular pressure rises sharply, which can damage the optic nerve. It is necessary to reduce intraocular pressure urgently – up to surgical treatment. This will not go away on its own – it is necessary to see a doctor.
07 Gradual Or Sharp Narrowing Of The Field Of Vision
If your field of vision gradually shrinks, you will only be able to see what is right in front of you over time. This is called tubular vision and may indicate glaucoma: the narrowing of the field of vision due to optic nerve damage is one of its main features. Treatment is also needed here, otherwise the vision will deteriorate.
Glaucoma is an insidious disease and patients often have no idea it exists. On the site of AILAZ Medical Center you will find a questionnaire for self-diagnosis of glaucoma.
06 Gradual Deterioration Of Central Vision, Blurredness, Blurred Images (Straight Lines Look Wavy, Curved)
This may indicate that the central area of the retina, the macula, is a disease that is essentially responsible for normal vision. The disease is age-related – older people are often exposed to it. Eyeglasses do not help, without treatment, the vision is steadily falling. Today many treatment options are depending on the form of macular degeneration.
Another reason for sudden vision loss is the rupture of the retina in the central zone. If you don’t see an oculist right away and start treatment, your eyesight is unlikely to be restored.
05 When Everything In Front Of Your Eyes Is As Foggy As It Is In The Fog, The Brightness And Contrast Of Vision Are Reduced
So, cataract can develop, causing lens blur. In this case, the vision falls gradually, up to the ability to only distinguish the light. It is a planned surgical intervention, i.e. cataract removal followed by implantation of an artificial lens. At the same time, it is worth seeing an ophthalmologist, because sometimes cataract causes intraocular pressure, and this is an indication for urgent surgical treatment. Also, the cataract causes the lens to increase and harden, which can make it harder to remove – another reason for regular visits to the ophthalmologist: not to waste time.
Modern technologies allow you to remove cataract and replace it with a transparent artificial lens painlessly and in a matter of minutes. Do not tolerate the discomfort of fuzzy eyesight. Decide on the examination and surgery.
04 Dark Spots, Partial Blurring, A Feeling Of Fog Or Swaddling In Front Of Your Eyes
If a patient has diabetes mellitus, the likelihood of eye damage is high, and the longer the length of diabetes experience, the more likely the changes in the eye are to occur. Regular visits to the ophthalmologist are mandatory. If necessary, the ophthalmologist will prescribe a comprehensive treatment: not only appropriate medications, but often laser treatment as well. Timely treatment will allow you to keep your eyesight.
03 Burning Sensation, Sand In The Eyes, Feeling Of A Foreign Body, Tears Or, Conversely, Feeling Of Dryness
This is a typical description of dry-eyed syndrome, whose symptoms can worsen with age. Generally, this disease does not cause much danger to vision, but a severe degree of dry eye syndrome can cause some pathological conditions. An experienced ophthalmologist will carry out the necessary examinations and prescribe moisturizing drops. On the site of AILAZ Medical Center you will find a questionnaire for self-diagnosis of dry eye syndrome.
02 When The Image Is Doubled
When the eyes double, there may be several reasons, and this is not necessarily a “visual” problem. This can be due to intoxication, vascular disorders, nervous system diseases, and endocrine system pathology. If there is double vision, it is better to be examined by several doctors at once: therapist, ophthalmologist, neurologist and endocrinologist.
01 Floating Opacity In Front Of The Eyes
As a rule, floating spots, threads, “spiders” in front of the eyes are caused by the destruction of the vitreous body. This is due to age-related changes in its structure and does not cause danger. With age, the vitreous body loses its density, liquefies and does not adhere as tightly to the retina as it used to.
When its fibers stick together and lose transparency, they cast a shadow on the retina and are perceived as defects in the field of vision. It is clearly visible on a white background: snow, a sheet of paper. Destruction of the vitreous body can be caused by arterial hypertension, cervical osteochondrosis, diabetes mellitus, head, eye and nose injuries.
At the same time, an unexpected spot in front of the eyes, a “curtain”, can be a consequence of a serious pathology that requires surgical treatment, such as a retinal or vitreous hemorrhage. In case the symptoms appear suddenly, in one day, contact an ophthalmologist immediately.
In any case, it is important to remember: if there are unknown visual symptoms, it is better to see an ophthalmologist immediately. If your eyesight has deteriorated dramatically – in a few days or even hours – you are in pain, don’t waste time. Even if it is not possible to consult your doctor, you can contact the emergency eye care office, which is available in every city. At the very least, many optician shops accept competent ophthalmologists who will carry out the primary diagnostics and recommend further actions.